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The Public Internet Sites Guide (KAMİS) Project, implemented by the Ministry of Development of the Republic of Turkey and the Software Technologies Research Institute (YTE) of TÜBİTAK BİLGEM, aims to bring public internet sites into compliance with usability and accessibility standards. The project also intends to increase awareness among public service-providing institutions to have more usable and accessible internet sites.


What is KAMİS?

About the Project

The Public Internet Sites Guide (KAMİS) Project, implemented by the Ministry of Development of the Republic of Turkey and the Software Technologies Research Institute (YTE) of TÜBİTAK BİLGEM, aims to bring public internet sites into compliance with usability and accessibility standards. The project also intends to increase awareness among public service-providing institutions to have more usable and accessible internet sites.


Within the scope of the project, two components have been developed: the Public Internet Sites Guide (Task Package-1) and the Public Internet Sites Guide Information Portal (Task Package-2).


The Public Internet Sites Guide includes explanations and examples to make information and criteria found in TS EN ISO 9241-151 (Human-System Interaction Ergonomics Standards), WCAG, and ISO/IEC 40500:2012 (Web Content Usability Standards and Criteria) standards more understandable. The Public Internet Sites Guide, which covers a wide range of information and scales created by examining studies conducted nationally and internationally, as well as the prepared standards and guides, has been refined with feedback from academicians, usability experts, and relevant institution officials. It is expected that the guide will contribute to making the criteria required for ISO 9241-151 and ISO/IEC 40500 certificates given by the Turkish Standards Institute (TSE) Information Technologies Commission more understandable and explained with examples.


The Public Internet Sites Guide Information Portal encompasses the development of a website where the guide will be supported, and the results of the work, visuals, informative documents, and promotional videos will be shared.


The Public Internet Sites Guide Project is conducted by the Ministry of Development of the Republic of Turkey and the Software Technologies Research Institute (YTE) of TÜBİTAK BİLGEM.


Within the project's scope, the Public Internet Sites Guide and the Public Internet Sites Guide Information Portal are being prepared by TÜBİTAK BİLGEM YTE.


As part of the project, the Public Internet Sites Guide prepared by TÜBİTAK BİLGEM YTE is being transformed into a national standard/criteria by the Turkish Standards Institute (TSE).


The prepared criteria are planned to be applied in the certification process for ISO 9241-151 and ISO/IEC 40500 conducted by the Middle East Technical University (METU) Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Laboratory.


The abundance and diversity of public internet sites, the scope of information and services offered, and the variations in the entities or individuals developing these websites have made it challenging to effectively address usability on public internet sites in a consistent and efficient manner. In recent times, various efforts have been made in Turkey to improve the quality of services provided through public internet sites, ensure consistency, and effectively implement usability initiatives. In this context:


  • In 2005, the Ministry of Development of the Republic of Turkey prepared the "Principles of Interoperability Guide" with the aim of supporting the collaboration of government institutions providing public services in the digital environment. The guide was updated in 2009, and its second edition was published.
  • In 2006, TÜBİTAK (Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) created the "Government Institutions' Website Guide," which established standards for the content of public internet sites. This document was developed by examining similar efforts and standards in different countries but has not been updated since its creation.
  • In 2009, TÜRKSAT (Turkish Satellite Communications Company) prepared the "Standards and Recommendations Guide for Government Institutions' Internet Sites," which aimed to provide standards and recommendations that could be used in the development of public internet sites. A comprehensive guide was prepared, and an accompanying website was created to support it. However, over time, it has not been updated to align with new technologies.
What Is It?

Usability is defined as the ability to use the tasks specified in an application easily and effectively under appropriate environmental conditions by users identified as the target audience, after providing the necessary training and technical support.

According to ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standard ISO 9241-11, usability is defined as the effectiveness, efficiency, and user satisfaction within a specified context of use for a product by a particular user group. In other words, the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction experienced by users while performing their tasks determine the usability level of a website.

Effectiveness is an indicator of whether users can access the content they are looking for or complete their tasks accurately. Efficiency is defined as users being able to access the content they want to reach and perform their tasks as easily and quickly as possible. Satisfaction, on the other hand, reflects how satisfied users are with the experience of using a website, in connection with the effectiveness and efficiency it provides.


In addition, according to Nielsen, usability is primarily examined under five headings: learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors, and satisfaction. Learnability assesses how easily the system can be learned; efficiency evaluates how efficiently the learned system can be used; memorability checks whether the system's use can be easily remembered even after a period of non-use; errors focus on keeping the user error rate low and ensuring that errors made can be easily corrected; and satisfaction measures how satisfied users are with the system, expressing their positive or negative thoughts about it.

Why Is It Important?

Usability not only enables users to use the website more effectively and efficiently, but also supports users to have a positive perception of the relevant institution. Users who can easily access the information they are looking for and complete their transactions on the website without difficulty will also increase their satisfaction with the services provided by the organisation. In addition, by including usability in website development processes, it is aimed to prevent problems that may cause more cost and time loss when compared to the usability study conducted at the end of the process.


The financial gains brought about by usability can be exemplified through a widely used e-Government service that provides population and citizenship-related services to citizens. To perform a task related to their identity cards on this website, citizens need to use the respective internet service. If there is a design issue that causes an unnecessary delay of 10 seconds for each transaction, and considering that there are 70 million registered citizens in the country:

70 Million * 10 seconds = 700 million seconds => 8,083 days of productivity loss.

Especially when considering that public institutions' websites have millions of users, even a 1-second delay per user in accessing e-Government services through these sites can result in a significant overall loss of productivity in terms of millions of seconds.


By applying the principles of usability to public internet sites:


  • The effective, efficient, and satisfaction-inducing delivery of public services will be facilitated.
  • Citizens will be encouraged to use websites for service access and information, reducing the workload and resources spent on activities such as phone calls or in-person service requests within government offices.
  • The credibility and trust in public institutions will increase, leading to user satisfaction.
What Is It?

Accessibility refers to the ability of any product, service, technology, or environment to be accessible and usable by everyone, including individuals with disabilities and the elderly. Website accessibility, in particular, means that the entire target user audience can access, use, and understand the website. In other words, websites should have designs and content that cater not only to a specific user base but also to different user groups, including those with disabilities and the elderly.


When developing websites, it is expected that users with various disabilities, such as visual, hearing, speech, physical, cognitive, and neurological impairments, can access the website and perform tasks without any issues. To ensure website accessibility, it is essential not only for the site's user interface but also for the technologies used to support accessibility. Therefore, it is important to consider international principles and regulations related to website accessibility.


In 2008, Turkey signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities under which it recognized the importance of ensuring access for individuals with disabilities to physical, social, economic, and cultural environments, as well as to health, education, information, and communication services to enable them to fully enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Why Is It Important?

Public institutions are expected to serve all citizens equally. Therefore, public websites should be accessible and usable by people from all segments of society, including individuals with disabilities. The development of accessible websites has become a legal requirement in many countries, especially for public institutions to cater to the entire population. Ensuring that public websites are accessible to all users, including those who cannot visit in person or have disabilities, allows them to benefit from the services provided and enhances their quality of life.


Article 9 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, titled "Accessibility," states:


"State Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others, to the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communications, including information and communications technologies and systems, and to other facilities and services open or provided to the public, both in urban and in rural areas. These measures, which shall include the identification and elimination of obstacles and barriers to accessibility, shall apply to, among other things:


(a) Buildings, roads, transportation and other indoor and outdoor facilities, including schools, housing, medical facilities, and workplaces;


(b) Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services." Therefore, public websites and electronic public services must be accessible and usable by disabled citizens.


The fundamental principles of website accessibility are addressed in ISO/IEC 40500:2012 and WCAG 2.0 (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines). The WCAG 2.0 guidelines, established by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), consist of 61 criteria that have international validity. These 61 criteria are divided into 3 levels: Level A (25 criteria), Level AA (13 criteria), and Level AAA (23 criteria). Level A principles represent the basic standards that are expected to be met, Level AA principles are recommended standards, and Level AAA principles represent the ideal standards to be achieved.


KAMİS Guide Sections

Usability and Accessibility

In this section, the concepts of usability and accessibility are discussed, emphasizing their importance for public internet sites.

Usability Principles

This section provides usability principles with guiding directives aimed at improving the usability of public internet sites.

Accessibility Principles

In this section, accessibility principles are outlined, based on ISO/IEC 40500:2012 standards and WCAG 2.0 guidelines, to ensure that public internet sites are accessible to all users.

Public Internet Sites Legal Information

This section includes laws, regulations and circulars that should be considered regarding public websites.


This section provides matching and checklist documents related to TS EN ISO 9241-151, WCAG 2.0, and ISO/IEC 40500:2012 standards.

Technology Guide

In this section, the issues to be considered in the process of developing public websites are discussed.

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(SGE) Cyber Security Institute

The Cyber Security Institute, which was established to carry out studies to increase the national cyber security capacity, carries out research and development activities in the field of cyber security; carries out solutions-oriented projects for military institutions, public institutions and organizations and the private sector.

The main fields of activity of our institute, which has made a significant contribution to the creation of cyber security knowledge and tactical infrastructure in our country with many successful projects to date, are secure software development, penetration tests and vulnerability analysis.

6-yze card logo

(IZE) Artificial Intelligence Institute

Artificial Intelligence Institute is the first institute established within the scope of TUBITAK centers and institutes, which cuts the sectors and research fields horizontally and focuses directly on the emerging technology field. For this reason, it constitutes an innovative model in terms of both the open innovation and co-development approach of the institute and its focus on emerging technology.

Artificial Intelligence Institute aims to develop core technologies in the field of artificial intelligence and bring these innovations from the forefront of science to the use of the industry as soon as possible. Focusing on the transformative potential of artificial intelligence, it will continue to play its part in pioneering efforts to create and sustain artificial intelligence-based innovation, growth and productivity in Turkey. Working with industry and public institutions in Turkey, together with other organizations within the artificial intelligence ecosystem, spreading the use of artificial intelligence and increasing the workforce specialized in this field are among its primary goals.


Competence Centers

Discover institutes laboratories technologies products projects of BİLGEM.


TÜBİTAK BİLGEM builds its basic strategy for the future on qualified knowledge and qualified people focused on national targets in the research, technology development and innovation ecosystem.

Starting from the understanding that "the most important resource of a country is generally people, specifically scientists," TÜBİTAK encourages and supports our youth from an early age. In this context, providing young minds with early exposure to technology production is crucial for the success of our National Technology Move. Accordingly, TÜBİTAK BİLGEM offers internship opportunities to undergraduate students from universities every year.

You can follow internship announcements and submit your applications through the Career Gateway at

You can access frequently asked questions about internships at TÜBİTAK BİLGEM from here. 

Application Conditions
  • Students enrolled in undergraduate (2nd year and above) and associate degree programs in departments offering education in universities and conducting insurance procedures through the higher education institution to which they are affiliated can benefit from the internship opportunity.
  • For undergraduate and associate degree students, a minimum Weighted Grade Point Average (GPA) of 2.50 out of 4 is required. The GPA of candidates with a 100-point system is converted to a 4-point system based on the "Conversion Table of Grades from the 4-Point System to the 100-Point System" published by the Higher Education Council.
  • There is no requirement for a foreign language certificate during the internship application process.
  • Students enrolled in departments such as Forensic Computing Engineering, Computer Sciences, Computer Science and Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer and Informatics, Computer and Software Engineering, Information Systems Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Control Engineering, Control and Computer Engineering, Control and Automation Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics Engineering, Telecommunication Engineering, or Software Engineering in universities can apply for internships.

Internship applications are accepted between December and January, and the internship period covers June, July, and August.



Scholar assignments are made for research and development activities for undergraduate, master's, doctoral students, and post-doctoral researchers. In our center, scholars are appointed for practical purposes in externally funded, TARAL, or European Union projects.

You can contact us via the email address to apply to be a scholar.
Application Conditions

(1) The conditions for undergraduate scholars in externally funded projects conducted by the institution are specified below:

  •  Being a student continuing undergraduate education at higher education institutions established in Turkey (excluding foreign language preparatory students).
  • Having a weighted cumulative GPA for previous years, excluding preparatory years, based on the university's grading system, which satisfies the formula score and foreign language requirements in the recruitment criteria.
  • Completing at least the first semester of the first year of undergraduate education.
  • Having a GPA of "+3.00" and a University Placement Exam Ranking of "10,000 ≥" for undergraduate general average.
  • For foreign students placed in Turkish universities without taking the ÖSYM exam or for those who completed undergraduate education through exams such as Vertical Transfer Exam, the lowest university placement ranking of the department from the year the candidate started the undergraduate program is considered in the ranking formula.

(2) The conditions for master's degree scholars in externally funded projects conducted by the institution are specified below:

  • Being a student continuing master's degree education at higher education institutions established in Turkey (excluding special students and foreign language preparatory students).
  • Currently pursuing a master's degree in the project's field of responsibility.

(3) The conditions for doctoral students in externally funded projects conducted by the institution are specified below:

  • Being a student continuing doctoral education at higher education institutions established in Turkey (excluding special students and foreign language preparatory students).
  • Currently pursuing a doctorate in the project's field of responsibility or conducting a doctorate in areas determined within the framework of the YÖK-TÜBİTAK Doctoral Program Project Collaboration Protocol. (Students in medical specialization and artistic proficiency are accepted as doctoral students.)

Candidate Researcher

Students in the 3rd and 4th years of relevant engineering departments at universities can apply to our Part-Time Candidate Researcher positions through our Job Application System at By doing so, they can gain work experience at TÜBİTAK BİLGEM during their university years.

This program does not have an end date. Candidate Researcher personnel working part-time during their university period can seamlessly transition to full-time employment as Researcher personnel at TÜBİTAK BİLGEM without interrupting their career journey after graduating from the undergraduate program.

Application Conditions

Conditions for the Candidate Researcher Program:

  • Being a 3rd or 4th-year student in the relevant departments specified in the announcements at universities.
  • Foreign language proficiency: Achieving appropriate scores in the exam types specified in the announcement or studying in a program that is 100% in English for undergraduate education.
  • Satisfying the formula score:

Weighted Graduation Average + (10,000/University Placement Exam Ranking) + Additional Score* >= 3.20

*Candidates who have achieved rankings and awards in national and international competitions will receive an additional score of 0.3.



By joining TÜBİTAK BİLGEM as a Researcher, you can contribute to developments in the fields of information technology, information security, and advanced electronics. You'll have the opportunity to make your mark on innovations, closely follow advancements, enhance your skills, and shape your future by advancing in your career.

You can apply to our currently open positions through the TÜBİTAK Job Application System .

Application Conditions

Conditions for Job Application:

  • Foreign language proficiency: Attaining appropriate scores in the exam types specified in the announcement or studying in a program that is 100% in English for undergraduate education.
  • Fulfilling specific requirements stated in the announcement (such as undergraduate department, years of experience, expertise, etc.).
  • Satisfying the formula score:

For Candidates with Less than 3 Years of Experience:

Weighted Graduation Average + (10,000 / University Placement Exam Ranking) + Additional Score* >= 3.20


For Candidates with 3 Years and More of Experience:

Weighted Graduation Average + (10,000 / University Placement Exam Ranking) + 5*[1 / (1 + e^(5 - years of experience) ) ] + Additional Score* >= 3.20

*Candidates who have achieved rankings and awards in national and international competitions will receive an additional score of 0.3.


MILSEC 4 - Secure IP Terminal


While the MİLSEC-4 terminal offers an up-to-date solution for next-generation secure communication (voice, data and video) in IP networks, it provides an uninterrupted communication service by maintaining the compatibility of secure voice communication in PSTN networks with PSTN secure phones in use.

Configuration, surveillance and software update processes of MILSEC-4 terminals are carried out securely remotely using the Security Management Center (GYM). MİLSEC-4 terminal is capable of IP Network Key Loading (IPAAY) through secure communication with GYM without the need for an additional device.

MİLSEC-4 terminals are interoperable with MİLSEC-1A and MİLSEC-2 phones and offer the opportunity to replace MİLSEC-1A and MİLSEC-2 phones without interruption in the gradual transformation of PSTN networks to next generation IP networks.


  • End-to-end secure voice communication in PSTN networks
  • End-to-end secure voice, image and data transmission in IP networks
  • NATO SCIP compliance on IP networks
  • Compatibility with commercial SIP products
  • Interoperability with MILSEC1A and MILSEC2 secure phones
  • National and AES crypto algorithms
  • Remote software update
  • Easy operation with touch screen

It is subject to the sales license to be given by the Ministry of National Defense.