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TÜBİTAK BİLGEM SGE carries out research and development activities in the field of cyber security; carries out solution-oriented projects for military institutions, public institutions and organizations and the private sector. With these studies, it strives to minimize the information security problems of institutions and to raise corporate information security awareness. It provides services within the scope of creating cyber security knowledge in our country with many projects it has successfully carried out so far.

IOT Security Studies

Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical objects embedded with sensors, software and other technologies for the purpose of data connection and sharing with other devices and systems over the Internet.
According to Statista's predictions, while the number of devices connected to the internet was 22 billion in 2018, this number is expected to reach 38.6 billion in 2025. In 2030, this number is expected to increase to 50 billion. Business Insider, on the other hand, predicts that data will be higher than Statista's forecast. According to Business Insider's IoT Market Report for 2016 and 2017, it is predicted that there will be more than 55 billion IoT devices in 2025. According to the report, it is expected to invest close to 15 trillion dollars in IoT between 2017-2025. By the end of 2025, 75 billion devices are expected to be connected to the Internet. It is estimated that the IoT market will reach over $3 trillion by 2026.

A typical IoT Penetration Test includes the following steps:

1. Determination of IoT Service Scope
2. Information Gathering
3. Vulnerability Assessment
4. Exploitation Phase
5. Reporting

  • In order to ensure that security tests are carried out in the most effective way, all your needs are listened to and information is exchanged. Thus, the scope, type and required information are determined at the first safety meeting.
  • At this meeting, it is decided whether physical security tests will be needed on IoT devices and which components will be included in the test.

In this step, attack vectors on IoT devices are first determined. The basic attack vectors on an IoT device are as follows:

  • Implementation of Hardware Attacks
  • Firmware Reviews (Reverse Engineering, etc.)
  • Implementation of Network Attacks
  • Implementation of Wireless Network Attacks
  • Mobile and Web Applications
  • Penetration Tests
  • Cloud Services Penetration Tests

This process starts with vulnerability assessment, firmware and application analysis. The following steps are used in firmware analysis:

  • Binary Analysis:
    • Reverse engineering,
    • Document analysis in the system (for finding sensitive information or certificates),
    • Performing all necessary application tests according to the type of application during application analysis.
  • Researching Communication Protocols:
    • Determination of communication protocols (BLE, Zigbee, LoRA, 6LoWPAN)
    • Sniffing, modifying and replaying communication protocols (relay-replay attacks),
    • Jam-based attacks,
    • Third party services (mobile application API services, etc.) that then communicate with the IoT devices specified in the information collection step.
  • Physical Security Tests:
    • External USB Access,
    • External ports access,
    • Location and storage environment,
    • Availability of debug console access
    • Availability of serial console access
    • Allowed connection methods (wireless, wired, Bluetooth, etc.)
    • Test controls.
  • This phase aims to exploit the vulnerabilities collected in the information gathering and vulnerability assessment sections. In this way, the party receiving the penetration test service can see the possible damage after a real cyber attack. In addition, the risks are evaluated for the vulnerabilities found. Similar vulnerabilities may have different levels of criticality based on ease of exploitation, access to information required to exploit, and the like.
  • Cyber security experts use the necessary attack techniques to show what a malicious attacker can do in this step, without damaging the systems as much as possible.
  • All detected vulnerabilities and findings are reported. The report is prepared in a simple language, understandable by the developers, in a standard supported by screenshots and presented to the parties.
  • The report consists of sections that include the purpose and scope of the test, the general testing methodology, the security tests performed, and finally the evaluation and summary information for administrators.

The widespread use of these systems causes security vulnerabilities that can have dramatic effects. Cyber Security Institute conducts security research on IoT systems, monitors current vulnerabilities and performs hardware and software penetration tests. Provides detailed technical reports and executive summaries as a result of penetration tests. It contributes to raising the awareness of institutions about security and eliminating possible security vulnerabilities.

  • In Software Planning and Pre-Development Phase:
    • Helping for designing a secure architecture,
    • Recommending best practices for developers to follow,
    • Integrating continuous IoT security testing into the DevOps cycle.
  • During Development:
    • Iteratively evaluating the product with its security requirements,
    • Constantly reviewing secure code,
    • Incorporating a security perspective as part of an automated process.
  • Post Development:
    • Performing penetration tests for all major releases,
    • Managing the security program and interacting with external developers,
    • Patch management and recommending security updates.

Penetration Tests

SGE conducts penetration tests and security audits for both public institutions/organizations and private sector companies. Penetration tests and security audits cover all components in the IT infrastructure. After the tests are completed, detailed technical reports and executive summaries are produced. In addition to technical security tests, social engineering tests are also carried out to increase the security awareness of the employees.

New exploitation methods and tools are being researched and developed by SGE researchers to perform more efficient and high-standard testing.

One of the main goal in this area is information sharing. In addition to the security tests carried out in both the public and private sectors, studies are carried out to increase the quality of the tests carried out within this scope in the sector. Workshops are organized to determine the scope and depth of tests, to increase the quality and objectivity of test result reports, and joint projects are carried out with regulatory agencies.

Security Controls

Security is not a feature that can be added to software and the system after installation. It should be considered as part of the development process. Implementing security functions in the development and deployment processes is both easier and more effective.

SGE provides the following support to public institutions/organizations and the private sector:
  • Secure software development trainings,
  • Software source code analysis to detect vulnerabilities as a result of mistakes made while developing software,
  • Risk analysis and threat modeling to make secure software development processes more effective,
  • Researching and implementing new secure software development methods,
  • Conducting secure software development workshops and conferences.
In this regard, SGE has been involved in multiple NATO information systems development projects. Within the scope of the system and software security accreditation process of these projects, it supported the design of secure systems, the preparation of accreditation documents, and performed the security tests of the developed systems.

Risk Analysis

SGE provides information security risk analysis services for military, public and private sector organizations. Risk analysis projects can be done on software and system basis. Risk analysis services are also provided within the scope of ISO 27001 certification on a corporate basis. 

In this context, the business processes of the institution are analyzed and critical business processes are determined; assets in these business processes and dependencies between assets are removed and asset valuation is carried out. Afterwards, the probability and impact values for the risks that affect these assets are determined and the risk values for the asset or process are calculated. Risks are documented in detail in accordance with the content of the project. In accordance with the threats, the measures are issued according to the requirements defined in ISO 27001 and NIST SP 800-53 standards, the maturity levels of the measures are determined together with the customer and they are documented in accordance with the project content. Finally, after the implementation of the measures, a risk study is carried out and the remaining risk is evaluated.


(SGE) Cyber Security Institute

The Cyber Security Institute, which was established to carry out studies to increase the national cyber security capacity, carries out research and development activities in the field of cyber security; carries out solutions-oriented projects for military institutions, public institutions and organizations and the private sector.

The main fields of activity of our institute, which has made a significant contribution to the creation of cyber security knowledge and tactical infrastructure in our country with many successful projects to date, are secure software development, penetration tests and vulnerability analysis.

6-yze card logo

(IZE) Artificial Intelligence Institute

Artificial Intelligence Institute is the first institute established within the scope of TUBITAK centers and institutes, which cuts the sectors and research fields horizontally and focuses directly on the emerging technology field. For this reason, it constitutes an innovative model in terms of both the open innovation and co-development approach of the institute and its focus on emerging technology.

Artificial Intelligence Institute aims to develop core technologies in the field of artificial intelligence and bring these innovations from the forefront of science to the use of the industry as soon as possible. Focusing on the transformative potential of artificial intelligence, it will continue to play its part in pioneering efforts to create and sustain artificial intelligence-based innovation, growth and productivity in Turkey. Working with industry and public institutions in Turkey, together with other organizations within the artificial intelligence ecosystem, spreading the use of artificial intelligence and increasing the workforce specialized in this field are among its primary goals.


Discover institutes laboratories technologies products projects of BİLGEM.

Competence Centers

MILSEC 4 - Secure IP Terminal


While the MİLSEC-4 terminal offers an up-to-date solution for next-generation secure communication (voice, data and video) in IP networks, it provides an uninterrupted communication service by maintaining the compatibility of secure voice communication in PSTN networks with PSTN secure phones in use.

Configuration, surveillance and software update processes of MILSEC-4 terminals are carried out securely remotely using the Security Management Center (GYM). MİLSEC-4 terminal is capable of IP Network Key Loading (IPAAY) through secure communication with GYM without the need for an additional device.

MİLSEC-4 terminals are interoperable with MİLSEC-1A and MİLSEC-2 phones and offer the opportunity to replace MİLSEC-1A and MİLSEC-2 phones without interruption in the gradual transformation of PSTN networks to next generation IP networks.


  • End-to-end secure voice communication in PSTN networks
  • End-to-end secure voice, image and data transmission in IP networks
  • NATO SCIP compliance on IP networks
  • Compatibility with commercial SIP products
  • Interoperability with MILSEC1A and MILSEC2 secure phones
  • National and AES crypto algorithms
  • Remote software update
  • Easy operation with touch screen

It is subject to the sales license to be given by the Ministry of National Defense.